Résumé de la thèse en anglais
This thesis is an analysis of prose fiction of Anna de Noailles, put in perspective with her poetry and autobiographical. After seeing this work in the literary and social context of early twentieth century and mentioned, in particular, the emergence of women's literature and the case of the poetic novel, focuses on about a detailed study of the novels, La Nouvelle Espérance, Le Visage émerveillé, La Domination, and the story collection Les Innocentes ou la Sagesse des femmes. Interspersed among other aspects of her creation, the three novels of Anna de Noailles were published so close, between 1903 and 1905, early in the career of the writer, they are only a small part of her production (three for more than twenty books published), but they are a real sentimental trilogy including Les Innocentes which is the highlight, an art of loving dedicated to lovers. Therefore a series of questions behind this work : why write both in verse and prose? These titles would they process as a step? Would they formed a passage that allowed the author to realize her inability to accomplished herself in this genre ? However, beyond personal experience, we must take into account a wider problem: indeed, if the novels of Anna de Noailles deserve a fresh look today it is because they fall in troubled times, when the future of the novel was challenged and where, between the end of naturalism and the emergence of new narrative forms, the abundance of the novel represented a threat to itself. The work of Anna de Noailles is not an exception : it also was caught in this movement both destructive and innovative. But her writings are also characterized by their originality, which lies in the gradual shaping of aesthetics and philosophy of love. Built on a frame yet simple, all their wealth unfolds in the thoroughness and accuracy of analysis, the suggestive power of emotions and sensations transcribed by new images. The writer observed the cultural revolution that began for the women, which modified the conventional wisdom that it would have been a neo-romantic astray in his century. Instead, Anna de Noailles herself was a visionary writer and anchored in her time.